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@RISK Newsletter for March 10, 2016 The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

This is a weekly newsletter that provides in-depth analysis of the latest vulnerabilities with straightforward remediation advice. Qualys supplies a large part of the newly-discovered vulnerability content used in this newsletter.


@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
Vol. 16, Num. 10

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

Archived issues may be found at https://www.qualys.com/research/sans-at-risk/


CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-03-01 - 2016-08-08


TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Microsoft Releases Monthly Set of Security

Advisories for March 2016


NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Microsoft Releases Monthly Set of Security Advisories for March 2016
Description: Microsoft has released their monthly set of security
bulletins addressing security vulnerabilities within various products.
This month’s release contains 13 bulletins addressing 44
vulnerabilities. Five bulletins are rated critical and address
vulnerabilities in Edge, Graphic Fonts, Internet Explorer, Windows Media
Player, and Window PDF. The remaining eight bulletins are rated
important and address vulnerabilities in .NET, Office, and several other
Windows components.
Reference: https://technet.microsoft.com/library/security/ms16-mar
Snort SID: 38061-38086, 38088-38101, 38106-38115, 38117-38120, 38122-38123

Title: New OS X Ransomware “KeRanger” Found in the Wild
Description: Researchers at Palo Alto Networks have discovered a new
ransomware variant targeting Mac OS X. This ransomware variant, dubbed
“KeRanger”, was found in the Transmission BitTorrent client installer
for OS X and was signed by a valid Mac app development certificate. In
response to this threat, Apple has revoked the app development
certificate and updated its XProtect rules to protect users. Snort rules
and ClamAV signatures are also available and can detect this threat.
Reference: http://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2016/03/new-os-x-ransomware-keranger-infected-transmission-bittorrent-client-installer/
Snort SID: 38116
ClamAV: Osx.Trojan.KeRanger

Title: Cisco Releases Security Advisory for Insecure Default Credentials
for Nexus 3000 Series and 3500 Platform Switches
Description: Cisco has released a security advisory for CVE-2016-1329,
an insecure default credentials vulnerability in Cisco NX-OS Software
running on Nexus 3000 Series Switches and Nexus 3500 Platform Switches.
An unauthenticated attacker who exploits this vulnerability could log
in to an affected device with root privileges and with bash shell
access. CVE-2016-1329 manifests as a result of a “user account that has
a default and static password” being created at installation that cannot
be removed without impacting the functionality of the system. Cisco has
published workarounds that mitigate the impact of this vulnerability as
well as updated software that addresses the flaw.
Reference: https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20160302-n3k

Title: Google Releases Security Bulletin for Android and Nexus Devices
Description: Google has released a security bulletin for Android and
Nexus devices which address multiple vulnerabilities. Six critical
vulnerabilities have been patched with two of the flaws being remote
code execution vulnerabilities in Mediasever and in libvpx. Both of
these vulnerabilities manifest as a result of improperly processing
media files and could be exploited via MMS or browser playback of media.
Eight high severity vulnerabilities and two moderate severity
vulnerabilities were also addressed in Google’s latest over-the-air
update for Nexus devices. Google has notified partners about these
vulnerabilities and will be releasing the source code for these patches
to the Android Open Source Project.
Reference: https://source.android.com/security/bulletin/2016-03-01.html
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information

Title: Adobe Releases Security Bulletin for Acrobat, Reader, and Digital Editions
Description: Adobe has released two security advisories addressing
vulnerabilities in Adobe Acrobat, Reader, and Digital Editions.
APSB16-09 targets Adobe Acrobat and Reader and fixes three
vulnerabilities, two of which could release to arbitrary code execution
while the other could lead information disclosure. The other bulletin,
APSB16-06, addresses CVE-2016-0964 which is a memory corruption flaw
that could lead to arbitrary code execution. Adobe has released updated
software that addresses the vulnerabilities in these affected products.
Reference: https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/acrobat/apsb16-09.html
https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/Digital-Editions/apsb16-06.html
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information


INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Locky Ransomware on Rampage With JavaScript Downloader
https://blogs.mcafee.com/mcafee-labs/locky-ransomware-rampage-javascript-downloader/

Verizon Wireless to pay $1.35M fine to settle ‘supercookie’ privacy case
http://www.zdnet.com/article/verizon-wireless-to-pay-million-dollar-fine-supercookie-case/

OpenSSL Operating With Renewed Vision Two Years After Heartbleed
https://threatpost.com/openssl-operating-with-renewed-vision-two-years-after-heartbleed/116567/

[Responsible disclosure] How I could have hacked all Facebook accounts
http://www.anandpraka.sh/2016/03/how-i-could-have-hacked-your-facebook.html

Inspeckage - Android Package Inspector
http://blog.tempest.com.br/antonio-martins/inspeckage-android-package-inspector.html


RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are
available. System administrators can use this list to help in
prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability
Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit
frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet
activity.

ID: CVE-2016-1524
Title: NETGEAR Network Management System 300 Arbitrary File Upload
Vulnerability
Vendor: Netgear
Description: Multiple unrestricted file upload vulnerabilities in
NETGEAR Management System NMS300 1.5.0.11 and earlier allow remote
attackers to execute arbitrary Java code by using (1) fileUpload.do or
(2) lib-1.0/external/flash/fileUpload.do to upload a JSP file, and then
accessing it via a direct request for a /null URI.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1909
Title: SSH Backdoor for FortiGate OS Version 4.x up to 5.0.7
Vendor: Fortinet
Description: FortiOS 4.x before 4.3.17 and 5.0.x before 5.0.8 has a
hardcoded passphrase for the Fortimanager_Access account, which allows
remote attackers to obtain administrative access via an SSH session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-8651
Title: Adobe Flash Player Unspecified Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Integer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.324
and 19.x and 20.x before 20.0.0.267 on Windows and OS X and before
11.2.202.559 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 20.0.0.233, Adobe AIR SDK before
20.0.0.233, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 20.0.0.233 allows
attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7755
Title: Juniper ScreenOS Multiple Security Issues
Vendor: Juniper
Description: Juniper ScreenOS 6.2.0r15 through 6.2.0r18, 6.3.0r12 before
6.3.0r12b, 6.3.0r13 before 6.3.0r13b, 6.3.0r14 before 6.3.0r14b,
6.3.0r15 before 6.3.0r15b, 6.3.0r16 before 6.3.0r16b, 6.3.0r17 before
6.3.0r17b, 6.3.0r18 before 6.3.0r18b, 6.3.0r19 before 6.3.0r19b, and
6.3.0r20 before 6.3.0r21 allows remote attackers to obtain
administrative access by entering an unspecified password during a (1)
SSH or (2) TELNET session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-6132
Title: Microsoft Windows Library Loading Input Validation Remote Code
Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and
R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold
and R2, Windows RT Gold and 8.1, and Windows 10 Gold and 1511 mishandle
library loading, which allows local users to gain privileges via a
crafted application, aka “Windows Library Loading Remote Code Execution
Vulnerability.”
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.2 (AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7645
Title: Adobe Flash Player Code Execution Vulnerability (APSB15-27)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player 18.x through 18.0.0.252 and 19.x through
19.0.0.207 on Windows and OS X and 11.x through 11.2.202.535 on Linux
allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted SWF
file, as exploited in the wild in October 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-2509
Title: Microsoft Windows Media Center MCL Vulnerability (MS15-100)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Windows Media Center in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2,
Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, and Windows 8.1 allows user-assisted remote
attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted Media Center link
(mcl) file, aka “Windows Media Center RCE Vulnerability.”
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6332
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE Automation Array Memory Corruption Code
Execution Vulnerability (MS14-064)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: OleAut32.dll in OLE in Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2,
Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1,
Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT
Gold and 8.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a
crafted web site, as demonstrated by an array-redimensioning attempt
that triggers improper handling of a size value in the SafeArrayDimen
function, aka “Windows OLE Automation Array Remote Code Execution
Vulnerability.”
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-03-01 - 2016-08-08 COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: F0200428A8E7B6B51FF92C6D71D85B99AD8B80F0382C3A9C9C2F4DC73F3E5240
MD5: 188ff507561f9882729b117cb411af8e
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/F0200428A8E7B6B51FF92C6D71D85B99AD8B80F0382C3A9C9C2F4DC73F3E5240/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: ApplicationManager
Claimed Product: ApplicationManager
Detection Name: OSX.Variant:SpigotD.19cg.1201

SHA 256: 83CEC41170390E5E6D49ED7BF4FA76DDFB581C9E39D9EFE7ED9382957DE152DD
MD5: c913d292a9a907799526695c9ad3bfac
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/83CEC41170390E5E6D49ED7BF4FA76DDFB581C9E39D9EFE7ED9382957DE152DD/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: helperamc
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Auto.83cec4.191642.in01

SHA 256: F9B8F7F285F811EE720CCE7BCCD98A421A26FB90DD7B022118D4B4E1F340036B
MD5: 0612402ad98c8c31cd6f2b914a419039
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/F9B8F7F285F811EE720CCE7BCCD98A421A26FB90DD7B022118D4B4E1F340036B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winpivpas.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Malware:Pramro.19di.1201

SHA 256: 3041609F9A5A8DDF6336C044D95DED232F14D07C2A50ACEC692EB785F04C32E4
MD5: ea397c683289f02e4f5fe09327e03962
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/3041609F9A5A8DDF6336C044D95DED232F14D07C2A50ACEC692EB785F04C32E4/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: wingliej.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: Trojan:Sality-tpd

SHA 256: 8897F94710F3CA65AF0E52F6E2B76E6319DD5FB0DD6AD0968F8ACC0D25EE783A
MD5: cc9e1075db0645f1032f8c4b4412deba
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/8897F94710F3CA65AF0E52F6E2B76E6319DD5FB0DD6AD0968F8ACC0D25EE783A/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: windkuh.exe
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Crypt:SalityGR.18i0.1201


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