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@RISK Newsletter for February 19, 2015 The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

This is a weekly newsletter that provides in-depth analysis of the latest vulnerabilities with straightforward remediation advice. Qualys supplies a large part of the newly-discovered vulnerability content used in this newsletter.


@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert
Vol. 15, Num. 7

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked.

Archived issues may be found at https://www.qualys.com/research/sans-at-risk/


CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-02-10 - 2015-02-17


TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Netgear WNDR Authentication Bypass /

Information Disclosure Vulnerabilities Disclosed


NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Kaspersky Reveals Threat Actor Group “Equation”
Description: Kaspersky has uncovered and revealed a threat actor group
dubbed “Equation”. The threat actor group appears to have been in
operation as early as 1996 and is known to have used zero-day exploits.
Reference: https://securelist.com/blog/research/68750/equation-the-death-star-of-malware-galaxy/
Snort SID: 33543-33546
ClamAV: Detection pending

Title: Netgear WNDR Authentication Bypass / Information Disclosure
Vulnerabilities Disclosed
Description: A vulnerability has been discovered and disclosed within
several Netgear products where an attacker could bypass authentication
and retrieve sensitive information. Note that in order to be
vulnerable, Remote/WAN Management must be enabled on your device.
Reference: http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Feb/56
Snort SID: Detection Pending


INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Duplicate SSH Keys Everywhere
https://blog.shodan.io/duplicate-ssh-keys-everywhere/

Windows Internals - Thread resumption and synchronization objects
http://rce4fun.blogspot.com/2015/02/windows-internals-thread-resumption-and.html

Decrypting TLS Browser Traffic With Wireshark - The Easy Way
https://jimshaver.net/2015/02/11/decrypting-tls-browser-traffic-with-wireshark-the-easy-way/

Microsfot Working With VirusTotal to Reduce False Positives
http://blogs.technet.com/b/mmpc/archive/2015/02/11/microsoft-steps-up-in-industry-efforts-on-mitigating-false-positives.aspx

Google’s Project Zero Updates Their 90-day Disclosure Policy
http://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2015/02/feedback-and-data-driven-updates-to.html


RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are
available. System administrators can use this list to help in
prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability
Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit
frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet
activity.

ID: CVE-2014-7288
Title: Symantec Encryption Management Server - Remote Command Injection
Vendor: Symantec
Description: Symantec PGP Universal Server and Encryption Management
Server before 3.3.2 MP7 allow remote authenticated administrators to
execute arbitrary shell commands via a crafted command line in a
database-backup restore action.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-0310
Title: Adobe Flash Player Memory Address Randomization Design Error
Security Bypass Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player before 13.0.0.262 and 14.x through 16.x
before 16.0.0.287 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.438 on Linux
does not properly restrict discovery of memory addresses, which allows
attackers to bypass the ASLR protection mechanism on Windows, and have
an unspecified impact on other platforms, via unknown vectors, as
exploited in the wild in January 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-10021
Title: WordPress WP Symposium 14.11 Shell Upload
Vendor: WP Symposium
Description: Unrestricted file upload vulnerability in UploadHandler.php
in the WP Symposium plugin 14.11 for WordPress allows remote attackers
to execute arbitrary code by uploading a file with an executable
extension, then accessing it via a direct request to the file in
server/php/.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2014-4114
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE - Remote Code Execution “Sandworm” Exploit (MS14-060)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and
R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold
and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allow remote attackers to execute
arbitrary code via a crafted OLE object in an Office document, as
exploited in the wild with a “Sandworm” attack in June through October
2014, aka “Windows OLE Remote Code Execution Vulnerability.”
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-7169
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 bash43-025 processes trailing strings
after certain malformed function definitions in the values of
environment variables, which allows remote attackers to write to files
or possibly have unknown other impact via a crafted environment, as
demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH
sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server,
scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in
which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from
Bash execution. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete
fix for CVE-2014-6271.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6271
Title: Multiple Vendor Bash Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Multiple Vendors
Description: GNU Bash through 4.3 processes trailing strings after
function definitions in the values of environment variables, which
allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted
environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand
feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache
HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other
situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege
boundary from Bash execution, aka “ShellShock.” NOTE: the original fix
for this issue was incorrect; CVE-2014-7169 has been assigned to cover
the vulnerability that is still present after the incorrect fix.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-0160
Title: OpenSSL TLS Heartbeat Extension Buffer Oveflow Information
Disclosure Vulnerability (Heartbleed)
Vendor: OpenSSL Project
Description: The (1) TLS and (2) DTLS implementations in OpenSSL 1.0.1
before 1.0.1g do not properly handle Heartbeart Extension packets, which
allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process
memory via crafted packets that trigger a buffer over-read, as
demonstrated by reading private keys, related to d1_both.c and t1_lib.c.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)


MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2015-02-10 - 2015-02-17 COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6
MD5: 1caf9472c70fb3567b85e1977a393720
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/55F173FB7CE33654D379663215DE48BD2F13CA4A607CBE4D90962DE33A4972E6/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: Runner.exe
Claimed Product: Search Protect
Detection Name: W32.SearchProtect.17nv.dk

SHA 256: 2A87C95925B96B84A6A305C6DD009E9A85F1335130E5378BC53AE2F1BC3BDBE7
MD5: c387a73359542aab558445aed3d951fb
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/2A87C95925B96B84A6A305C6DD009E9A85F1335130E5378BC53AE2F1BC3BDBE7/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: sysad.exe
Detection Name: W32.2A87C95925-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 7EC7F0B13E3E6F7CE9493C9A3EC69749020ED297EB09B300AE9BCADFC95690B6
MD5: e0b386e7d36bc2459174eb251b9f7c2f
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/7EC7F0B13E3E6F7CE9493C9A3EC69749020ED297EB09B300AE9BCADFC95690B6/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: avaxvyyvyf.exe
Detection Name: W32.7EC7F0B13E-65.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 7D2DEB4EAF0D05E2B4111943506F7F4CE01A50ED68B66DF683253126F8E25A2B
MD5: f2d5d7bdcc7c0575e3d6d9e623392141
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/7D2DEB4EAF0D05E2B4111943506F7F4CE01A50ED68B66DF683253126F8E25A2B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: cltmngsvc.exe
Claimed Product: Search Protect
Detection Name: W32.7D2DEB4EAF-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: A71C8937F3B3A78E55FAD86D8B241772FCB6450B91DE0944D063AB751545780B
MD5: 4e4807b6aacb43ec2609fb228b8f9cb9
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/A71C8937F3B3A78E55FAD86D8B241772FCB6450B91DE0944D063AB751545780B/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: sptool.dll
Claimed Product: Search Protect
Detection Name: W32.A71C8937F3-100.SBX.VIOC


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